Tomioka, Fukushima

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Tomioka
富岡町
Tomioka Town Hall
Tomioka Town Hall
Flag of Tomioka
Official logo of Tomioka
Location of Tomioka in Fukushima Prefecture
Location of Tomioka in Fukushima Prefecture
Tomioka is located in Japan
Tomioka
Tomioka
 
Coordinates: 37°19′59″N 141°01′01″E / 37.33306°N 141.01694°E / 37.33306; 141.01694Coordinates: 37°19′59″N 141°01′01″E / 37.33306°N 141.01694°E / 37.33306; 141.01694
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureFukushima
DistrictFutaba
Government
 • MayorKatsuya Endou
Area
 • Total68.39 km2 (26.41 sq mi)
Population
 (August 1, 2020)
 • Total1,489
 • Density22/km2 (56/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeSakura
- FlowerAzalea
- BirdMotacillidae
Phone number0120-33-6466
AddressMotooka Otsuka 622-1, Tomioka-machi, Futaba-gun, Fukushima-ken 979-1192
WebsiteOfficial website
Sakura near Yonomori Station

Tomioka (富岡町, Tomioka-machi) is a town located in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2020, the town had an estimated population of 1,489 in 5578 households[1] and a population density of 21,8 persons per km², although the current actual resident population is considerably smaller than in 2010. The total area is 68.39 square kilometres (26.41 sq mi).[2]

Geography[edit]

Tomioka is located on the Pacific Ocean coastline of central Fukushima. It is the location for the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, owned by the Tokyo Electric Power Company.

The town of Tomioka is divided into two main districts, each with their own train station. To the south is Tomioka, which is the main area. To the north, on top of the hill, is Yonomori, a smaller and much newer neighborhood. Though the two areas operate under one government, physical distance makes them feel like two separate towns.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Tomoka remained relatively steady until the nuclear disaster.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 8,290—    
1930 8,141−1.8%
1940 8,629+6.0%
1950 12,913+49.6%
1960 12,597−2.4%
1970 11,614−7.8%
1980 14,941+28.6%
1990 15,861+6.2%
2000 16,173+2.0%
2010 15,996−1.1%

Climate[edit]

Tomioka has a humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Tomioka is 12.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1329 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.0 °C.[4]

History[edit]

The area of present-day Tomioka was part of Mutsu Province. The remains of Kofun period burial mounds have been found in the area. During the Edo period, it was originally part of Iwakitaira Domain, but from 1747 was divided between Tanagura Domain, Tako Domain and tenryō territory directly under the Tokugawa shogunate. After the Meiji restoration, on April 1, 1889, the village of Tomioka was created within Naraha District, Fukushima with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Naraha District became Futaba District in April 1896. Tomioka was raised to town status on March 1, 1900. It merged with the neighboring town of Futaba on March 31, 1955.

2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami[edit]

Tomioka was severely affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, and the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011. Besides sustaining considerable damage from the earthquake, and the tsunami (which devastated the coastal area), the town was evacuated en masse on the morning of March 12 as it is located well within the 20 kilometer exclusion radius around the damaged Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Only one man, 61–62-year-old fifth-generation rice farmer Naoto Matsumura, with his dog, refused to evacuate, and remained behind to feed the pets and livestock left behind in his neighborhood with supplies donated by support groups.[5][6][7]

On March 25, 2013, the nuclear evacuation zone in Tomioka was lifted by the central government, and the town was re-zoned into three areas according to different levels of radiation. However, the town government elected to keep the evacuation in place for at least another four years due to the need to rebuild damaged infrastructure. In the zone with the highest radiation levels residents will not be allowed to return home at least for five years. People other than registered residents are banned from entry. This zone, which covers the northeastern part of the town, had about 4,500 people residents. The central part of the town, which used to have 10,000 residents was designated as a residence restriction zone, in which the residents could return during daytime hours but have to leave at night. The remaining zone, which mainly covers southern Tomioka had about 1,500 residents, and remaining restrictions are expected to be lifted.[8]

However, in a survey taken in 2013, some 40 percent of the town's residents responded that they had decided never to return, and 43 percent were undecided. Concerns over radiation exposure, and the loss of compensation money from TEPCO should they decide to return, coupled with uncertainty over whether or not they could make a living in Tomioka were major issues.[9] On April 1, 2017, the evacuation order was lifted for most of the town except for the northeastern areas, allowing many residents to return.[10]

Economy[edit]

The economy of Tomioka is heavily dependent on commercial fishing and agriculture.

Education[edit]

High schools[edit]

Tomioka, Fukushima Prefectural HighSchool (founded in 1950) is the only high school in the town.[11]

Junior high schools[edit]

There are two public junior high schools in Tomioka - Tomioka 1st Junior High School and Tomioka 2nd Junior High School.

Elementary schools[edit]

There are two public elementary schools in Tomioka - Tomioka 1st Elementary School and Tomioka 2nd Elementary School.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

JR logo (east).svg JR EastJōban Line

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Fukushima Daini Nuclear Power Plant[edit]

The Fukushima Daini Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power plant located on a 1,500,000-square-metre (370-acre) site straddling Tomioka and Naraha, run by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO). After the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, the four reactors automatically shut down and the plant remains offline.[12]

Hayama shrine[edit]

The main Shinto shrine in Tomioka is Hayama shrine where a fire festival was held to pray for a good harvest. The shrine is known as "Number 33, the thirty-third shrine in a pilgrimage path which goes across the country.

Tomioka government office complex[edit]

This complex consisted of three buildings connected by walkways and a mini park. The center building was home to the city government offices. On the left side of the complex is a building that used to house a large auditorium and the city's public library. The right side of the complex featured a small health center. The whole complex is located just north of where the Joban train line crosses Route 6 and is across the highway from the Tomioka Sports Center.

Yonomori Park[edit]

This park was very popular in spring when the cherry blossoms are blooming. Many locals came to view the blossoms and enjoy the festival atmosphere. During the Cherry Blossom Festival, there were many food, trinket, and game stalls. The town is famous for having one of the longest cherry blossom tunnels in Japan.

Tomioka Sports Center[edit]

Located between Route 6 and the ocean, this sports center contained multiple tennis courts and a baseball field, among other attractions. The facilities could be rented by the hour for a very reasonable price. Some local sports clubs met here.

Refre[edit]

Located at the intersection of the two roads with cherry blossom tunnels, Refre (リフレ) was a popular meeting place. Its facilities include a conference room with seating and catering for hundreds of people, a hotel, a fitness center, a hot spring, one indoor heated pool for lap swimming, and one indoor/outdoor pool for general use, though the second pool is closed during the winter months.

Tomioka Beach[edit]

During the summer months leading up to Obon, a beach was open for public swimming. After Obon, however, the beach was closed due to the large population of jellyfish. The beach is a short distance from Tomioka station.

International relations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tomioka Town official statistics(in Japanese)
  2. ^ "Home Page" (in Japanese). Tomioka Town. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  3. ^ Tomioka population statistics
  4. ^ Tomioka climate data
  5. ^ Lah, Kyung (27 January 2012). "Resident defiant in Japan's exclusion zone". CNN. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
  6. ^ "Lone farmer in no-go zone sticks to defiant existence". The Japan Times. 6 April 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  7. ^ Kosuga, Tomo (11 March 2013). "Radioactive Man". Vice. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Nuclear evacuation zone revised in Fukushima’s Tomioka", the Japan Times, March 26, 2013.
  9. ^ Kageyama, Yuri "Fukushima residents unsure of return to no-go zone", Yahoo news, April 30, 2014.
  10. ^ "避難指示区域の解除について(平成29年3月13日更新)". Tomioka Town Hall. Retrieved 2017-07-16.
  11. ^ 富岡高等学校について (in Japanese). Tomioka, Fukushima Prefectural High School. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  12. ^ "Japan initiates emergency protocol after earthquake". Nuclear Engineering International. 11 March 2011. Archived from the original on 24 March 2011. Retrieved 11 March 2012.

External links[edit]