Columbiana, Ohio

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Columbiana, Ohio
City of Columbiana
Downtown Columbiana
Downtown Columbiana
Motto(s): 
"The City with the Small-Town Heart"
Location of Columbiana in Columbiana County and the State of Ohio
Location of Columbiana in Columbiana County and the State of Ohio
Coordinates: 40°53′8″N 80°41′18″W / 40.88556°N 80.68833°W / 40.88556; -80.68833Coordinates: 40°53′8″N 80°41′18″W / 40.88556°N 80.68833°W / 40.88556; -80.68833
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountiesColumbiana, Mahoning
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorRick Noel
 • City ManagerLance Willard
Area
 • Total6.15 sq mi (15.94 km2)
 • Land6.08 sq mi (15.75 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.19 km2)
Elevation1,158 ft (353 m)
Population
 • Total6,559
 • Density1,066.50/sq mi (411.48/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44408
Area code(s)330, 234
FIPS code39-17036[5]
GNIS feature ID1060989[2]
School DistrictColumbiana Exempted Village
Websitewww.columbianaohio.gov

Columbiana is a city in Columbiana and Mahoning counties in the U.S. state of Ohio. The population was 6,559 at the 2020 census.[3] The larger portion of the city, located in northern Columbiana County, is part of the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, while the smaller Mahoning County portion is part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Both the Norfolk Southern Railway and the Youngstown and Southeastern Railroad pass through the city.

The childhood home of notable inventor and businessman Harvey S. Firestone, the city hosts the annual Shaker Woods Arts & Crafts Festival, which brings national attention to the city in the summer and fall seasons.[6] Retail options include a commercialized downtown area, a series of businesses located along Ohio Route 14, as well as Firestone Farms, a 1930s-themed outdoor business district.[7] In 2019, Columbiana was named "The Nicest Place In America" by Reader's Digest.[8]

History[edit]

Columbiana was laid out by Joshua Dixon and William Heald in 1805.[9] The city takes its name from Columbiana County, which itself is named in honor of Christopher Columbus, combining his surname with the mass noun suffix -iana.[10] Columbiana was incorporated as a village in 1837.[11] When founded, the village had a north–central location in Columbiana County; however, the formation of Mahoning County in 1846 caused it to straddle the border between the two counties. The village officially became a city in 2000.

Geography[edit]

Columbiana is located at 40°53′8″N 80°41′18″W / 40.88556°N 80.68833°W / 40.88556; -80.68833 (40.885579, -80.688327).[12]

The following highways pass through Columbiana:

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.14 square miles (15.90 km2), of which 6.00 square miles (15.54 km2) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) is water.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,174
1870870−25.9%
18801,22340.6%
18901,112−9.1%
19001,33920.4%
19101,58218.1%
19202,11433.6%
19302,48517.5%
19402,6878.1%
19503,36925.4%
19604,16423.6%
19704,95919.1%
19804,9870.6%
19904,961−0.5%
20005,63513.6%
20106,38413.3%
20206,5592.7%
Sources:[5][14][15][16][17][18][19]

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census there were 6,384 people in 2,881 households, including 1,763 families, in the city. The population density was 1,064.0 inhabitants per square mile (410.8/km2). There were 3,181 housing units at an average density of 530.2 per square mile (204.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 0.6% African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.0%.[4]

Of the 2,881 households 21.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.8% were non-families. 34.5% of households were one person and 18.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.74.

The median age was 49.4 years. 17.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.7% were from 45 to 64; and 27.4% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 5,635 people in 2,534 households, including 1,576 families, in the city. The population density was 930.4 people per square mile (359.0/km2). There were 2,707 housing units at an average density of 446.9 per square mile (172.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.86% White, 0.11% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 0.32%.[5]

Of the 2,534 households 22.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 34.9% of households were one person and 17.7% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.76.

The age distribution was 19.0% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 25.3% 65 or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

The median household income was $34,560 and the median family income was $42,363. Males had a median income of $33,693 versus $21,648 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,727. About 4.9% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Columbiana operates under a chartered council–manager government, where there are six council members elected as a legislature for 4-year terms in addition to a mayor, who serves as an executive.[20] The council employs a city manager for administration. The current mayor is Rick Noel,[20] and the current city manager is Lance Willard.

Education[edit]

Children in Columbiana are served by the Columbiana Exempted Village School District. The current schools in the district are:

  • Joshua Dixon Elementary School – 333 N Middle Street, grades K-4
  • Columbiana Middle School – 720 Columbiana-Waterford Road, grades 5-8
  • Columbiana High School – 700 Columbiana-Waterford Road, grades 9-12

Some local children attend Heartland Christian School, which first opened for the 1996–1997 school year. The school's philosophy is based on the Bible.[21]

The city contains a public library, first opened in 1933.[22]

Arts and culture[edit]

TownCentre at Firestone Farms.

Throughout the year, many events are hosted in the city. During the summer, the Shaker Woods Festival showcases over 200 crafters and artisans from across the nation during August. Additionally, the city hosts a Fourth of July fireworks festival, as well as the Harvey S. Firestone Festival of the Arts. In the fall, the American Legion hosts a civic Street Fair, followed by Christmas in the Woods, which is another large-scale craft event held on the Shaker Woods grounds. During the holiday season, the city features the Joy of Christmas Holiday Light Festival. For spring, Columbiana features an outdoor French Market in May, and the Columbiana Wine Festival in June.[23]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "QuickFacts: Columbiana city, Ohio". census.gov. Retrieved 2021-09-13.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  5. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ City of Columbiana. "City of Columbiana History". Retrieved 2018-06-26.
  7. ^ Firestone Farms. "Firestone Farms". Retrieved 2018-06-26.
  8. ^ Greenfield, Jeremy (2019-10-11). "In Columbiana, Ohio, the Nicest Place in America, Nobody Gets Left Behind". Reader's Digest. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  9. ^ McCord, William B. (1905). History of Columbiana County, Ohio and Representative Citizens. Biographical Publishing Company. pp. 277.
  10. ^ Overman, William Daniel (1958). Ohio Town Names. Akron, OH: Atlantic Press. p. 32.
  11. ^ Mack, Horace (1879). History of Columbiana County, Ohio: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Unigraphic. p. 144.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  14. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Ninth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. 1870. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. 1880. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  16. ^ "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  17. ^ "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  18. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. 1960. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  19. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  20. ^ a b "2020 General Election Results for Columbiana County" (PDF). Retrieved February 19, 2021.[permanent dead link]
  21. ^ About Us Archived 2008-01-31 at the Wayback Machine, Heartland Christian School, 2006. Accessed 2007-09-10.
  22. ^ "Homepage". Columbiana Public Library. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  23. ^ City of Columbiana. "History - ColumbianaOhio.gov". Retrieved 2019-10-15.

External links[edit]