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Hellenic Armed Forces

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Hellenic Armed Forces
Eλληνικές Ένοπλες Δυνάμεις
Coat of arms of Greece military variant.svg
Coat of arms
Founded1828
Current form1975
Service branches Hellenic National Defence General Staff
Hellenic Army
Hellenic Navy
Hellenic Air Force
HeadquartersAthens, Greece
Leadership
President Katerina Sakellaropoulou
Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis
Minister of National Defense Nikos Panagiotopoulos
Chief of the General Staff General Konstantinos Floros
Manpower
Military age18 years of age
ConscriptionYes
Available for
military service
2,535,174 males, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3]),
2,517,273 females, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3])
Fit for
military service
2,084,469 males, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3]),
2,065,956 females, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3])
Reaching military
age annually
53,858 males (2008 est.[3]),
50,488 females (2008 est.[3])
Active personnel107,600[1]
Reserve personnel221,600[2]
Expenditures
Budget€4.398 billion (2020)[1]
Percent of GDP2.58% (2020)[1]
Industry
Domestic suppliersELBO, EAS (EBO, Pyrkal), Miltech, KEA, EAB, Theon, Sunlight, Intracom Defence Electronics, Elfon, HDVS, Elmon, Apella, ALTUS LSA, Metka, VEMEKEP, BOSA, SIELMAN, Akmon, ISI Hellas, Valpak, Thales Electronic System, Prisma Electronics, SSMART- SIGNAL HELLAS, TELETEL, Barracuda ships, Motomarine, Elefsis Shipyards, Neorion, GAL, Axon Engineering, Spider, Vipon, TEMMA, Grantex, Kampakas, Kouimtzis Group, Hellenic Shipyards Co., Kioleides, EODH, BSK Defense, OMI Ordtech, HAT
(Past: Chropei, Elviemek, Econ group, 3 Sigma)
Foreign suppliers Austria
 Brazil
 France
 Germany
 Italy
 Netherlands
 Poland
 Sweden
 Russia
 United Kingdom
 United States
(Past:  Austria-Hungary)
Related articles
HistoryMilitary history of Greece
RanksGreek military ranks

The Hellenic Armed Forces (Greek: Eλληνικές Ένοπλες Δυνάμεις, Ellinikés Énoples Dynámis) are the combined ground, naval and air forces of Greece. They consist of the Hellenic National Defense General Staff, the Hellenic Army, the Hellenic Navy, and the Hellenic Air Force.

The civilian authority overseeing the Hellenic Armed Forces is the Ministry of National Defense.

History[edit]

General information[edit]

Greece is ranked 29 out of 139 countries reviewed for an annual global firepower ranking score, that uses a modified power index formulated after evaluating 50 individual, but subjective factors.[4] In 2021 it holds an index rating of 0.4954, with 0.0000 considered a "perfect" score.

Conscription[edit]

Greece currently has universal compulsory military service for males from and over 18 years of age. Under Greek law, all men over 18 years of age must serve in the Armed Forces for a period of 9 months. Women can serve in the Greek military on a voluntary basis, but cannot be conscripted.

Budget[edit]

According to NATO sources in 2008, Greece spent 2.8% of GDP on its military, which translated to approximately €6.9 billion (US$9.3 billion).[5] In 2008, Greece was the largest importer of conventional weapons in Europe and its military spending was the highest in the European Union relative to the country's GDP, reaching twice the European average.[6][5]

Data for the 2017 fiscal year showed an estimated expense of €4.3 billion in constant 2010 prices, or €4.2 billion in current prices, equivalent to 2.38% of GDP (+0.01 change since 2016). For the 2018 fiscal year, the expenditure was estimated at €4.3 billion in constant 2010 prices or €4.1 billion in current prices, equivalent to 2.27% of GDP (-0.11% change since 2017).[7]

Military personnel[edit]

Military personnel was estimated at approximately 106,000 for year 2017 and 105,000 for year 2018.[7]

International operations[edit]

Greece is an EU and NATO member and currently participates primarily in peacekeeping operations. Such operations are ISAF in Afghanistan, EUFOR in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Chad, and KFOR in Kosovo. Greece also maintains a small force in Cyprus.

Component forces and their organization[edit]

Hellenic National Defense General Staff[edit]

The Hellenic National Defense General Staff has the operational command of the Joint Armed Forces Headquarters and the units that operate under them. It is also responsible for organising and implementing routine operations and exercises of the Joint Armed Forces, coordinating and implementing operations during the management of wartime and peacetime crises and overseeing operations of the Hellenic Armed Forces outside Greek national territory.[8]

Hellenic Army[edit]

The basic components of the Hellenic Army are Arms and Corps. The former is responsible for combat missions and the latter for logistical support. It is organized in Commands, Formations, and Units with the main being brigade, division and corps. Its main mission is to guarantee the territorial integrity and independence of the country.[8]

Hellenic Navy[edit]

The Hellenic Navy incorporates a modern fleet consisting of strike units, such as frigates, gunboats, submarines and fast attack guided missile vessels and multiple types of support vessels, in order to be able to conduct naval operations that protect Greek national interests and guarantee the integrity of Greek territorial waters, the mainland and the islands.[8]

Hellenic Air Force[edit]

The Hellenic Air Force incorporates a modern aircraft fleet and congruent structure, combined with a comprehensive air defense system that consists of a widespread network of anti-aircraft weapons. The structure, which is overseen by the Air Force General Staff, includes the Tactical Air Force Command, the Air Force Support Command, the Air Force Training Command and a number of other independent defense units and services.[8] Its main mission is to defend Greek airspace and to provide combat support to the Hellenic Army and the Hellenic Navy.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2013-2020)" (PDF). NATO Public Diplomacy Division. 21 October 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  2. ^ IISS (2020). The Military Balance 2020. Routledge. p. 111. ISBN 978-0367466398.
  3. ^ CIA World Factbook, [1]
  4. ^ "2021 Military Strength Ranking". www.globalfirepower.com. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Greece - Military Spending". globalsecurity.org.
  6. ^ Frank Slijper (April 2013). "Guns, Debt and Corruption Military spending and the EU crisis" (PDF).
  7. ^ a b https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/pdf_2018_07/20180709_180710-pr2018-91-en.pdf
  8. ^ a b c d http://www.mod.mil.gr/Pages/MainAnalysisPage2.asp?HyperLinkID=2&MainLinkID=25

External links[edit]