Gilchrist County, Florida
|Founded||December 4, 1925|
|Named for||Albert W. Gilchrist|
|• Total||355 sq mi (920 km2)|
|• Land||350 sq mi (900 km2)|
|• Water||5.6 sq mi (15 km2) 1.6%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||48/sq mi (19/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Gilchrist County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Florida. Organized in 1925 from the western part of Alachua, it is the last county to be formed in the state. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,939. The county seat is Trenton.
Gilchrist County was created in 1925, the last county organized in Florida. It was named for Albert W. Gilchrist, Governor of Florida from 1909 to 1913. It was formed by residents of what was then western Alachua County, as they believed they were not getting adequate representation on the county commission. With the poor roads of the time, they felt it took too long to get to the county seat of Gainesville. They disagreed about a proposed law that would require fencing in cattle in the rural area. They also believed that they would be better off by getting their own share of racetrack revenues, which the state distributed by county.
Much of the county was farmland and timberland when formed, and it is largely rural. Several natural springs are adjacent to the Santa Fe River, including Ginnie Springs, Hart Springs, and Gilchrist Blue Springs, the last of which became a Florida state park in 2017.
Historic buildings in Gilchrist County include:
- First Baptist Church, on East Wade Street
- Gilchrist County Courthouse
- Trenton Depot
- The old Trenton Church of Christ on South Main Street.
- Gilchrist County Jail, built in 1926, operated from 1928–1968.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 355 square miles (920 km2), of which 350 square miles (910 km2) is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) (1.6%) is water. It is the fifth-smallest county in Florida by land area and fourth-smallest by total area.
- Columbia County, Florida – northeast
- Alachua County, Florida – east
- Levy County, Florida – south
- Dixie County, Florida – southwest
- Suwannee County, Florida – northwest
- Lafayette County, Florida – northwest
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,437 people, 5,021 households, and 3,715 families residing in the county. The population density was 41 people per square mile (16/km2). There were 5,906 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.52% White, 7.00% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. 2.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In terms of ancestry, 16.9% were English, 13.9% were Irish, 13.7% were American, and 11.4% were German.
There were 5,021 households, out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.00% were non-families. 21.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.40% under the age of 18, 14.20% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 112.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,328, and the median income for a family was $34,485. Males had a median income of $27,359 versus $21,946 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,985. About 10.90% of families and 14.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Secretary of State's office, Republicans maintain a majority of registered voters in Gilchrist County.
|Gilchrist County Voter Registration & Party Enrollment as of December 31, 2016|
|Political Party||Total Voters||Percentage|
|other party affiliation||313||2.73%|
|no party affiliation||1,439||12.54%|
|2018||81.12% 5,975||17.40% 1,282||1.48% 109|
|2014||69.24% 4,129||24.90% 1,485||5.86% 349|
|2010||61.71% 3,321||33.39% 1,797||4.90% 264|
|2006||59.59% 3,160||35.94% 1,906||4.47% 237|
|2002||60.34% 3,060||38.06% 1,930||1.60% 81|
|1998||59.83% 2,097||40.17% 1,408|
|1994||53.05% 1,922||46.95% 1,701|
Other unincorporated communities
Easton Corbin, country music singer
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Gilchrist County, Florida", EReference Desk, 2004-2018
- "Historic Florida jail for sale -- and it might be haunted". Memphis, Tennessee: Fox 13 News. April 18, 2021. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021.
- Mavrakis, Emily (April 17, 2021). "For sale: Gilchrist County Jail … and its ghostly inhabitants". The Gainesville Sun. Archived from the original on April 23, 2021. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- "Trenton State Farmer's Market" Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 24, 2016. Retrieved October 27, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
- Gilchrist County Board of County Commissioners
- Gilchrist County Supervisor of Elections
- Gilchrist County Property Appraiser
- Gilchrist County Sheriff's Office Archived 2005-02-12 at the Wayback Machine
- Gilchrist County Tax Collector
- Gilchrist County Public Schools
- Suwannee River Water Management District[permanent dead link] [Dead link 26 August 2016]
- Gilchrist County Clerk of Courts
- Office of the State Attorney, 8th Judicial Circuit of Florida serving Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Gilchrist, Levy and Union Counties
- Circuit and County Court for the 8th Judicial Circuit of Florida
Museum and Library Resources
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gilchrist County, Florida.|
- The Gilchrist County Journal, the local newspaper for Gilchrist County, Florida fully and openly available in the Florida Digital Newspaper Library