Elizur Goodrich

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Elizur Goodrich
Elizur Goodrich The Connecticut Quarterly, July, August, September 1898 p. 307.jpg
A portrait of Elizur Goodrich from The Connecticut Quarterly
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's At-large district
In office
March 4, 1799 – March 3, 1801
Preceded byJonathan Brace
Succeeded byJohn Davenport
Collector of Customs
In office
Member of the Connecticut House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born(1761-03-24)March 24, 1761
Durham, Connecticut Colony, British America
DiedNovember 1, 1849(1849-11-01) (aged 88)
New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
Political partyFederalist
Spouse(s)Annie Willard Allen Goodrich
RelationsChauncey Goodrich, John Allen
ChildrenChauncey Allen Goodrich
ParentsElizur Goodrich
Alma materYale College
OccupationLawyer, Politician, Judge

Elizur Goodrich (March 24, 1761 – November 1, 1849) was an eighteenth-century American lawyer and politician from Connecticut. He served as a United States Representative from Connecticut and Collector of Customs.


Bachelor of Arts degree, Elizur Goodrich Sr., father of Elizur Goodrich, Yale College, 1752

Born in Durham in the Connecticut Colony, he was the son of Elizur Goodrich. He graduated from Yale College in 1779, was a tutor there from 1781 to 1783, and studied law.[1] After his was admitted to the bar in 1783, he began the practice of law in New Haven. He served in the Connecticut House of Representatives from 1795 to 1802 and was its Clerk for six sessions and its Speaker for two.

In the 1796 United States presidential election he was a Federalist elector for President, supporting Federalist candidate John Adams against Democratic-Republican Party candidate Thomas Jefferson. He was elected to represent Connecticut At-Large to the Sixth and Seventh Congresses, but only served in the Sixth Congress from March 4, 1799 to March 3, 1801[2] because President John Adams appointed him collector of customs for the Port of New Haven. After a short time he was removed from the office of collector by Adams' successor, President Thomas Jefferson. The discussion of this act elicited from Jefferson a letter in which he avowed his approval of removal for political opinions.

Goodrich was elected to the Governor's Council in Connecticut in 1803, serving until 1818. He taught law at Yale from 1801 to 1810 and was probate judge from 1802 to 1818. From 1803 to 1822 he was also Mayor of New Haven.[3]

Goodrich was a member of the Yale Corporation, the University's governing body, from 1809 to 1818 and was its Secretary from 1818 to 1846. Yale conferred the degree of LL.D. on him in 1830.[4] Goodrich died in New Haven on November 1, 1849, and is interred in Grove Street Cemetery.

Personal life[edit]

Goodrich's son, Chauncey Allen Goodrich, married Noah Webster's daughter. His brother, also named Chauncey Goodrich, was a member of the United States House of Representatives.[5]

Goodrich's wife, Annie Willard Allen Goodrich, was the sister of John Allen, a United States Representative from Connecticut and a member of the Connecticut Supreme Court of Errors.[6][7]


  1. ^ "Rep. Elizur Goodrich". Connecticut State Library. Archived from the original on January 6, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
  2. ^ "Rep. Elizur Goodrich". Govtrack.us. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
  3. ^ Fowler, William Chauncey (186). History of Durham, Connecticut: From the First Grant of Land in 1662 to 1866. The own. pp. 120. elizur goodrich .
  4. ^ "Rep. Elizur Goodrich". Connecticut State Library. Archived from the original on January 6, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
  5. ^ "Goodrich, Elizur (1761-1849)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
  6. ^ "John Allen". Litchfield Historical Society. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
  7. ^ "ALLEN, John, (1763 - 1812)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 9, 2013.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Nathaniel Smith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's at-large congressional district

March 4, 1799 – March 3, 1801
Succeeded by
Calvin Goddard
Political offices
Preceded by
Samuel Bishop
Mayor of New Haven, Connecticut
1803 – 1822
Succeeded by
George Hoadley