Tamura, Fukushima

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Tamura

田村市
Central Tamura (2015)
Central Tamura (2015)
Flag of Tamura
Flag
Official seal of Tamura
Seal
Location of Tamura in Fukushima Prefecture
Location of Tamura in Fukushima Prefecture
Tamura is located in Japan
Tamura
Tamura
 
Coordinates: 37°26′N 140°34′E / 37.433°N 140.567°E / 37.433; 140.567Coordinates: 37°26′N 140°34′E / 37.433°N 140.567°E / 37.433; 140.567
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureFukushima
Government
 • MayorJinichi Honda
Area
 • Total458.30 km2 (176.95 sq mi)
Population
 (March 2020)
 • Total35,702
 • Density78/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeOak
- FlowerAzalea
- BirdJapanese bush warbler
Phone number0247-82-1111
Address76 Funehikimachi Funehiki aza hatazoe, Tamura-shi, Fukushima-ken 963-4393
WebsiteOfficial website
Tamura City Hall

Tamura (田村市, Tamura-shi) is a city located in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2020, the city had an estimated population of 35,702 in 12,821 households[1] and a population density of 78 persons per km². The total area of the city was 458.30 square kilometres (176.95 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Tamura is located in east-central Fukushima Prefecture, in the easternmost portion of the Nakadōri region of then prefecture. The town is located in an hilly region of the Abukuma Mountains.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Tamura has declined steadily over the past 60 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 58,820—    
1970 52,926−10.0%
1980 48,932−7.5%
1990 46,758−4.4%
2000 45,054−3.6%
2010 40,422−10.3%

Climate[edit]

Tamura has a humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Tamura is 10.4 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1368 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around -0.1 °C.[3]

History[edit]

The area of present-day Tamura was part of ancient Mutsu Province. Much of the area was part of Miharu Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate. After the Meiji Restoration, the area was organized as part of Tamura District in Iwaki Province. The villages of Miyakoji, Tokiwa, Katasone, Takine, and Ōgoe were established with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. Tokiwa was elevated to town status on July 1, 1898, and the village of Katasone became the town of Funehiki on April 1, 1934. Takine was elevated to town status of April 1, 1940 followed by Ōgoe on February 8, 1942. The city of Tamura was established on March 1, 2005, from the merger of these four towns and one village.

Evacuation after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster[edit]

After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster on 11 March 2011, the area containing the former village of Miyakoji was evacuated. On 1 April 2012 residents were allowed to return during daytime hours as decontamination work progressed. The evacuation order was lifted on 1 April 2014.[4] However, doubts remain as to the effectiveness of the radiation decontamination efforts.[5][6][7] [8]

Government[edit]

Tamura has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 20 members. Tamura, together with Tamura District contribute two members to the Fukushima Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Fukushima 3rd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Tamura is primarily agricultural. Rice, beef and dairy cattle, and vegetable production predominates. The area is also known for its bottled mineral water and sake rice wine.

Education[edit]

Tamura has 16 public elementary schools and seven public junior high school operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Fukushima Board of Education.

  • Fukushima Prefectural Funehiki High School

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

International relations[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Abukuma Cave
  • Abukuma Limestone Caves
  • Hoshi no Mura ("Village of Stars") Observatory
  • Ohtakadoyayama Transmitter is an LF-time signal transmitter in Miyakoji-machi. It is used for transmitting the time signal JJY on 40 kHz. It uses as transmission antenna a 250 metre tall guyed mast with an umbrella antenna, which is insulated against ground.

Noted people from Tamura[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]